What are water treatment chemicals?

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What are water treatment chemicals?

What are water treatment chemicals?

Chemicals that are used are for instance sodium chloride, potassium chloride, citric acid and chlorine dioxide. Chlorine dioxide cleansing serves the removal of organic contaminants on ion exchange resins.

Water treatment is any process that improves the quality of water to make it appropriate for a specific end-use. The end use may be drinking, industrial water supply, irrigation, river flow maintenance, water recreation or many other uses, including being safely returned to the environment. Water treatment removes contaminants and undesirable components, or reduces their concentration so that the water becomes fit for its desired end-use. This treatment is crucial to human health and allows humans to benefit from both drinking and irrigation use.

Water is the most crucial compound for life on Earth, and having drinkable water is a key worldwide concern for the twenty-first century. All living things require clean, uncontaminated water as a basic requirement. Water covers more than 71 percent of the earth’s surface, but only around 1% of it is drinkable according to international standards due to various contaminations . Waste water discharge from industries, agricultural pollution, municipal wastewater, environmental and global changes are the main sources of water contamination. Even trace levels of heavy metals, dyes, and microbes are hazardous to human health, aquatic systems, and the environment. According to a United Nations Sustainable Development Group report from 2021, 2.3 billion people now live in water-stressed countries, and 733 million people live in high and critically water-stressed countries. 

To address water scarcity issues, it is required to recover water from current wastewater or develop alternate water sources for human consumption.

Domestic and industrial wastewater are the two types of wastewater. Domestic wastewater contains sewage, bacteria, viruses, hazardous and non-toxic organisms, sanitary outputs, rubbish, detergents, and other solid and liquid discharges from non-manufacturing processes.

Types of water treatment plants:

  • Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) Sewage treatment refers to the procedure of getting rid of contaminants from wastewater.
  • Effluent Treatment Plants (ETPs).
  • Activated sludge plants.
  • Common and combined effluent treatment plants.

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